An Introduction to Writing an Essay


  1. Select the topic of your essay.
  2. Choose the central idea, or thesis, of your essay. For example:

    George Orwell's Animal Farm provides a fascinating allegory of life in a totalitarian society.

  3. Outline your essay into introductory, body and summary paragraphs.
  4. The introductory paragraph begins with an interesting sentence. For example:

    The idyllic setting of life on the farm provides little clue of the harsh realities George Orwell portrays in Animal Farm.

  5. After this first sentence, add your thesis statement from above.
  6. Use one sentence to introduce every body paragraph to follow. For example:

    Orwell's choice of pigs as the leaders of the farm can hardly be incidental.

  7. Finish the introductory paragraph with a short summary or goal statement. For example:

    George Orwell's Animal Farm fascinates the reader through its extreme contrast between the idyllic and brutally realistic.

  8. In each of the body paragraphs (usually two or three) the ideas first presented in the introductory paragraph are developed.
  9. Develop your body paragraphs by giving detailed information and examples. For example:

    The struggle between the two leading pigs, Napoleon and Snowball, with its consequences felt by the population of the farm clearly illustrates how totalitarian leaders will put their own confrontations ahead of the population they are supposedly leading.

  10. Body paragraphs should develop the central idea and finish with a summary of that idea. There should be at least two examples or facts in each body paragraph to support the central idea.
  11. The summary paragraph summarizes your essay and is often a reverse of the of the introductory paragraph.
  12. Begin the summary paragraph by quickly restating the principal ideas of your body paragraphs. For example:

    Through the use of symbolism in the portrayal of characters, setting and style, George Orwell's Animal Farm delivers a harsh criticism of totalitarian society.

  13. The penultimate sentence should restate your basic thesis of the essay. For example:

    Animal Farm is a deceivingly simple allegory presenting totalitarian society in all its grimmest aspects.

  14. Your final statement can be a future prediction based on what you have shown in the essay. For example:

    Considering the vast changes in the global political structure of the last twenty years, one can only hope that mankind has learned the lessons so elegantly told in George Orwell's Animal Farm.

Outline Questionnaire

  • This essay is about:

    __________________________________________

  • The essay is introduced by the following interesting statement:

    __________________________________________

  • This essay is introduced with the following idea:

    __________________________________________

  • The essay will illustrate the above idea by showing that:

    • (main point of paragraph 1)

      __________________________________________

      • This is shown by:

        1. __________________________________________

        2. __________________________________________

        3. __________________________________________

    • (main point of paragraph 2)

      __________________________________________

      • This is shown by:

        1. __________________________________________

        2. __________________________________________

        3. __________________________________________

    • (main point of paragraph 3)

      __________________________________________

      • This is shown by:

        1. __________________________________________

        2. __________________________________________

        3. __________________________________________

  • To summarize, this essay has shown that:

    __________________________________________

  • The lessons that can be learned are:

    1. __________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________

0 komentar:

Poskan Komentar